Ambitransitive verbs can be used with or without an argument in the object position.

Perceptive Verbs

These verbs deal with the subject’s ability to perceive stimuli.

When used purely intransitively, i.e.: with no direct or dative object, they refer to a general ability to use that sense:

When used with a direct object, this denotes a conscious effort at perception:

When used with a dative object, this instead lacks that effort:

’usa us to see

hulu VW to hear

cussi y;S to feel

ji’i Ji to taste

cikki C;K to perceive

dissu D;z to emote

lu’i Wi to love

qacca q;c to choose

qi Q to experience

Communicative Verbs

The communication itself is the object, and the recipient is dative.

Indirect speech is signified by a complement object.

Directly reported communication is separated from the main clause by a comma, and may be put on either side. In this case, the recipient may be in either the object position or dative. This argument structure can also be used without a specific communication.

’i i to speak

buma Om to draw

pa p to think

ma m to consider