Phonology

High Lulani phonology has 18 consonant sounds and 3 vowels. Plosives are the only class that have a voicing distinction; fricatives are prototypically voiceless, and resonants are prototypically voiced. Vowels are defined in terms of openness and frontness; there are no oral, length or tone distinctions. All High Lulani words are formed from alternating consonant-vowel pairs. Any word-internal consonant can be geminated, which can palatalise or change the voicing of the original sound.

This page will show each of the International Phonetic Alphabet characters used in High Lulani pronunciations.

Consonant Example
b ba’u
sabba
c qacca
cu’i
ɕ xu’a
d daru
’adda
f fara
g gusu
saggi
Consonant Example
h hisuba
j faʔa1
ɟ jusi
ɟʱ majja
k takki
ka’u
l lisa
ʎ mullu
m mullu
n nisa
Consonant Example
ɲ janni
ŋ qa
p ’appu
puttu
r gurrisu
ɾ rusa
s sippa
t nittu
ta’i
ʔ xua
Consonant Example
b ba’u
sabba
c qacca
cu’i
ɕ xu’a
d daru
’adda
f fara
g gusu
saggi
h hisuba
j faʔa1
ɟ jusi
ɟʱ majja
k takki
ka’u
l lisa
ʎ mullu
m mullu
n nisa
ɲ janni
ŋ qa
p ’appu
puttu
r gurrisu
ɾ rusa
s sippa
t nittu
ta’i
ʔ xu’a

1The phone /j/ only appears as the second segment of an allophonic variant of /ʔ/, when that sound is geminated.

Vowel Example
a batu
i bitta
u cura
Vowel Example
ə su’a
ɨ kasi
ʉ lulani

The suprasegmental symbols are all exemplified in /ˌpʰam.ɨˈlam.ɨ/.