Phonology

High Lulani phonology has 18 consonant sounds and 3 vowels. Plosives are the only class that have a voicing distinction; fricatives are prototypically voiceless, and resonants are prototypically voiced. Vowels are defined in terms of openness and frontness; there are no oral, length or tone distinctions. All High Lulani words are formed from alternating consonant-vowel pairs. Any wordɨnternal consonant can be geminated.

This page will show each of the International Phonetic Alphabet characters used in High Lulani pronunciations.

Consonant Example Consonant Example Consonant Example
b ba’u h hisuba ɲ janni
sabba j faʔa1 ŋ qa
c qacca ɟ jusi p ’appu
cu’i ɟʱ majja puttu
ɕ xu’a k takki r gurrisu
d daru ka’u ɾ rusa
’adda l lisa s sippa
f fara ʎ mullu t nittu
g gusu m mullu ta’i
saggi n nisa ʔ xua

1The phone /j/ only appears as the second segment of an allophonic variant of /ʔ/, when that sound is geminated.

Vowel Example Vowel Example
a batu ə su’a
i bitta ɨ kasi
u cura ʉ lulani

The suprasegmental symbols are all exemplified in /ˌpʰam.ɨ.ˈlam.ɨ/.