Consonants are differentiated by manner and place of articulation, and by word-internal gemination. Plosives also have contrasting voice.
This table shows the consonants phonemically, using the International Phonetic Alphabet. Where it differs from IPA, the transliteration is given in <triangular brackets>. Capital or geminate glottal stops are transliterated with <ʔ>.
Plosives are differentiated by voicing, although voiced consonants tend to be rarer than their voiceless counterparts.
The voiced plosives are fully voiced word-internally and partially voiced word-initially. Voiced geminate plosives are given breathy voice. Voiceless plosives are lightly aspirated, which is suppressed in voiceless geminate plosives.
Geminate plosives are held for approximately twice as long as non-geminate plosives.
kuppu be strong
huba to breathe
xidu far away
The velar plosives are
saggi iron pyrites
The glottal stop
There are nasal consonants at each of the places of articulation of the plosives. However, the palatal nasal is only found when geminating the alveolar nasal. Nasals are prototypically voiced. Geminate nasals are held for 1 ½ times as long as non-geminates.
The labial nasal
The alveolar nasal
nu to stop
The approximants are mainly differentiated by laterality. This language lacks phonemic glides. Like nasals, approximants are prototypically voiced, and geminates are held for 1 ½ times as long as non-geminates.
qarri to open
Fricatives do not have complete closure of the vocal tract, but are formed with enough constriction to bring turbulence to the airstream.
Fricatives are prototypically voiceless. The lips remain unrounded for all fricatives unless followed or preceded by a rounded vowel. Geminate fricatives are held for 1 ½ times as long as non-geminates.
faxi to survive
’alissa to need
The palatal fricative
dixxa to drink
tihu to dwell