Numbers

Cardinal Numbers

High Lulani numbers are written with the positive digits (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7), their negative counterparts (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7) and a zero (0).

When writing out a number, each digit is worth fifteen times as much as the following digit. A period (fractional point: . ) is used to separate the integer part of the number from the mantissa. A comma (,) is used in the integer part to separate the digits into groupings of four, beginning from the fractional point.

2 two

5.3 four and four-fifths = five + (minus three × (fifteen ^ minus one

17 eight = (one × fifteen) + (minus seven)

20 thirty = (two × fifteen)

326 six hundred and forty-one =

(three × (fifteen ^ two + (minus two × fifteen) + six

1,3453 minus thirty-nine thousand, six hundred and seventy-two =

(minus one × (fifteen ^ four + (three × (fifteen ^ three +

(four × (fifteen ^ two + (minus five × fifteen) + three

One-digit Numbers

Here are the names for the one-digit numbers:

The full form qihha zero is only used when by itself, or first in a number or noun phrase.

Two-digit Numbers

Numbers between 17 and 16 are composed of the prefix sa and the final two syllables of the number, except for salura (not sara) 12.

Round numbers, i.e.: numbers ending with a single zero, use the suffix -hha.

sahha 10

rahha 20

kifihha 30

All other two digit numbers, except for 22, are formed by juxtaposing the tens digit with the units.

mullukifi 13

xitasalumi 17

ranuru 24

kifilaffi 35

The word for 22, the exception, is ranira.

Three- and Four-digit Numbers

Three- and four-digit numbers are divided into the number of hundreds, and the remainder. This remainder is always the last two digits of the number.

The word for 100 is takki.

Other three-digit numbers beginning with a 1 are formed by prefixing takki to the remainder.

takkinurukannu 142

Three- and four-digit numbers greater than this are formed by appending takki to the number of hundreds, which is then followed by the remainder as a separate word.

guhitakki ’usibilla 563

sahhatakki kifinuru 1034

kannuratakki missumullu 2241

In any of these cases, if the remainder is zero, it is left off.

mullutakki 100

ratakki 200

saguhitakki 1500

billasalumitakki 3700

Higher and Lower Order Numbers

When a number is written out in digits, each set of four digits from the fractional point makes up a group. The group furthest from the fractional point may not have this full quota of digits. An index marker notes the identity of a particular group.

The index marker is composed of the prefix pa followed by the number of groups between this one and the fractional point. Positive index numbers are for the integer part of the number, and negative index numbers are for the mantissa.

The index marker is suffixed to the group word.

paxita 1,0000

para 1,0000,0000

pakifi 1,0000,0000,0000

pamullu 0.0001

samissupaxita 14,0000

takkiranirapaxita 122,0000

’usitakki mullurapaxita 612,0000

There is nothing preventing an index-marked number being used within another index marker, although the second pa is usually geminated.

pappaxita 1,00001,0000

papappaxita 1,00001,0000^1,0000

Non-integral Numbers

Reading Mantissas

There are two ways to read a mantissa.

One uses the above method of index markers, and the second reads out the digits in pairs or individually. These methods are often combined: using index markers for the first digit groups, and then continuing to read digits separately.

Repeating and Reflecting Strings

All rational numbers end with a repeating string of digits. For some numbers, this string is “0”. In non-zero cases, the word tuni repeat is inserted before the repeating string. The string must be read out with individual digits.

There are also numbers for which the repeating string can be cut in half, with digits in the second half being the negative of the digits in the first half. For these, only the first half is read out, with the word mala reflect inserted.

tuni guhira 0.5252…

paqihha xita tuni guhira 0.15252…

paqihha xita mala guhira 0.152525252

Fractions

The suffix ki separates the numerator from the denominator. Saki is used if the numerator is 1. There is also a commonly used variant for ½: ’ima.

’ima / saki ra ½

saki kifi

kifiki nuru ¾

Ordinal Numbers

Ordinal numbers are used to mark position in a line or a list.

The first two ordinal numbers are suppletive, that is, they are not related to their cardinals. All other ordinals are formed by adding the suffix -uju ord to the cardinal number.

bijaju first

matta second

kifuju third

nuruju fourth

salumuju seventh

saqikkuju fifteenth

saxituju sixteenth

takkuju two hundred and twenty-fifth

Using Numbers

Ordinal and cardinal numbers are used in noun phrases, and are inserted between any case markers or adpositions, and the noun.

nuruju kimilli

four-ord king

“the fourth king.”

kalusalumi lulani

abl-seven queen

“due to the seven queens.”

Numbers can be suffixed to a noun to denote not the quantity, but a quality.

salumi sinnadi

seven story-nmn

“seven books”

sinnasalumi

story-seven

“septet”

The number ra two can be used in this way to refer to a pair of something that is usually found in pairs

luffura eyes

’itikkura breasts

tibara legs