Kinship

Marriage

Ju’idukuru YiE>w marriage is the life-bonding of two people. It is intended to be eternal, but can be broken if requested by either partner. It is not an exclusive arrangement, and one can be involved in concurrent marriages.

A bonded person is called a silu SW spouse when using possessive pronouns, and xalli x;L married person otherwise.

Nuclear Family

The words kitisu KTz father and julliga Y;Lg mother usually refer to biological parents, but can be applied to the main guardians if the biological parents are not around. These are used without possessives, except for -qa q gengenitive

the inalienable genitive marker. The following table shows the possessive forms:

mother father
1st person pi’apagu
Pap<
sappagu
s;p<
2nd person pihaba
Phb
sabba
s;b
3rd person topic pihasu’a
Phza
sassu’a
s;za
3rd person animate pi’adisi
PaDS
saddisi
s;DS

mother:

first person: pi’apagu Pap<

second person: pihaba Phb

third person topic: pihasu’a Phza

third person animate: pi’adisi PaDS

father:

first person: sappagu s;p<

second person: sabba s;b

third person topic: sassu’a s;za

third person animate: saddisi s;DS

There are two terms for children: tu e offspring for postnatal children, ’appu a;o foetus for antenatal. Both of these are gender-neutral, and are most often used with possessives.

There can be a suffixed ju’i Yi link for spouses’ offspring and parents’ spouses.

Other kinship terms began as nuclear family names, but were thence extended across a generation. So kaqqa k;q elder sibling and kica Kc younger sibling can also be applied to cousins.