Ju’idukuru marriage is the life-bonding of two people. It is intended to be eternal, but can be broken if requested by either partner. It is not an exclusive arrangement, and one can be involved in concurrent marriages.

A bonded person is called a silu spouse when using possessive pronouns, and xalli married person otherwise.

Nuclear Family

The words kitisu father and julliga mother usually refer to biological parents, but can be applied to the main guardians if the biological parents are not around. These are used without possessives, except for the inalienable genitive marker qa q gengenitive

The following table shows the possessive forms:

mother father
1st person pi’apagu sappagu
2nd person pihaba sabba
3rd person topic pihasu’a sassu’a
3rd person animate pi’adisi saddisi


first person: pi’apagu

second person: pihaba

third person topic: pihasu’a

third person animate: pi’adisi


first person: sappagu

second person: sabba

third person topic: sassu’a

third person animate: saddisi

There are two terms for children: tu offspring for postnatal children, ’appu foetus for antenatal. Both of these are gender-neutral, and are most often used with possessives.

There can be a suffixed ju’i link for spouses’ offspring and parents’ spouses.



“my step-father”



“your step-daughter”

Other kinship terms began as nuclear family names, but were thence extended across a generation. So kaqqa elder sibling and kica younger sibling can also be applied to cousins.