Numbers

Numerals and mathematical operations are particles.

Cardinal Numbers

The number system in High Lulani uses balanced sesquidecimal (base 15), and so numbers are written with the positive digits (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7), their negative counterparts (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7) and a zero (0). A period (fractional point: . ) is used to separate the integer part of the number from the mantissa. A comma (,) is used in the integer part to separate the digits into groupings of four, beginning from the fractional point.

One-digit Numbers

Here are the names for the one-digit numbers:

 qihha Q;h 0 xita Xt 1 ra r 2 kifi KF 3 nuru Iw 4 guhi %H 5 ’usi uS 6 salumi sWM 7
 qihha Q;h 0 mullu U;W 1 kannu k;I 2 bila Bl 3 missu M;z 4 laffi l;F 5 jusiti YST 6 haki hK 7

qihha Q;h 0

xita Xt 1

ra r 2

kifi KF 3

nuru Iw 4

guhi %H 5

’usi uS 6

salumi sWM 7

haki hK 7

jusiti YST 6

laffi l;F 5

missu M;z 4

bila Bl 3

kannu k;I 2

mullu U;W 1

The full form qihha Q;h zero is only used when by itself, or first in a number or noun phrase. Otherwise, the clipped form -hha ;h ten is used.

Two-digit Numbers

Numbers between 17 and 16 are composed of the quasi-prefix sa s and the final two syllables of the number, except for salura (not sara) 12.

Round numbers, i.e.: numbers ending with a single zero, use the suffix -hha ;h.

sahha s;h10

rahha r;h 20

kifihha KF;h 30

All other two digit numbers, except for 22, are formed by juxtaposing the tens digit with the units.

mullukifi U;WKF 13

xitasalumi XtsWM 17

ranuru rIw 24

kifilaffi KFl;F 35

The word for 22, the exception, is ranira rNr.

Three- and Four-digit Numbers

Three- and four-digit numbers are divided into the number of hundreds, and the remainder. This remainder is always the last two digits of the number.

The word for 100 is takki t;K. Other three-digit numbers beginning with a 1 are formed by prefixing this word to the remainder, while even larger three- and four-digit numbers append it to the number of hundreds, which is then followed by the remainder as a separate word.

takkinurukannu t;KIwk;I 142

guhitakki ’usibila %Ht;K / uSBl 563

sahhatakki kifinuru s;ht;K / KFIw 1034

kannuratakki missumullu k;Irt;K / M;zU;W 2241

In any of these cases, if the remainder is zero, it is left off.

mullutakki U;Wt;K 100

ratakki rt;K 200

saguhitakki s%Ht;K 1500

bilasalumitakki BlsWMt;K 3700

Higher and Lower Order Numbers

When a number is written out in digits, each set of four digits from the fractional point makes up a group. The group furthest from the fractional point may not have this full quota of digits. An index marker notes the identity of a particular group.

The index marker is composed of the prefix pa- p followed by the number of groups between this one and the fractional point. Positive index numbers are for the integer part of the number, and negative index numbers are for the mantissa.

The index marker is suffixed to the group word.

paxita pXt 1,0000

para pr 1,0000,0000

pakifi pKF 1,0000,0000,0000

pamullu pU;W 0.0001

samissu paxita sM;zpXt 14,0000

takkiranira paxita t;KrNrpXt 122,0000

’usitakki mullura paxita uSt;K / U;WrpXt 612,0000

There is nothing preventing an index-marked number being used within another index marker, although the second pa- is usually geminated.

pappaxita p;pXt 1,00001,0000

papappaxita pp;pXt 1,00001,0000^1,0000

Non-integral Numbers

There are two ways to read a mantissa. One uses the above method of index markers, and the second reads out the digits in pairs or individually. These methods are often combined: using index markers for the first digit groups, and then continuing to read digits separately.

Repeating and Reflecting Strings

All rational numbers end with a repeating string of digits. For some numbers, this string is “0”. In non-zero cases, the word tuni eN repeat is inserted before the repeating string. The string must be read out with individual digits.

There are also numbers for which the repeating string can be cut in half, with digits in the second half being the negative of the digits in the first half. For these, only the first half is read out, with the word mala ml reflect inserted.

tuni guhira eN / %Hr 0.5252…

paqihha xita tuni guhira pQ;h / Xt / eN / %Hr 0.15252…

paqihha xita mala guhira pQ;h / Xt / ml / %Hr 0.152525252

Fractions

The suffix -ki K separates the numerator from the denominator. If the numerator is 1, then saki sK is used.There is also a commonly used variant for ½: ’ima im.

’ima / saki ra sK / r . im ½

sak·kifi sK / KF

kifi:-ki nuru KFK / Iw ¾

Other Numbers

Other numbers include:

fixi FX the circle constant τ

du’ami EaM the imaginary number i

’u u the base e of the natural logarithm

Ordinal Numbers

Ordinal numbers are used to mark position in a line or a list.

The first two ordinal numbers are suppletive, that is, they are not related to their cardinals. All other ordinals are formed by adding the suffix -uju Y to the cardinal number.

bijju B;Y 1st

matta m;t 2nd

kifuju KvY 3rd

nuruju IwY 4th

salumuju sWUY 7th

saqikkuju sQ;\$Y 10th

saxituju sXeY 11th

takkuju t;\$Y 100th

Using Numbers

Ordinal and cardinal numbers are used in noun phrases, and are inserted between any case markers or adpositions, and the noun.

Numbers can be suffixed to a noun to denote not the quantity, but a quality.

The number ra r two can be used in this way to refer to a pair of something.

luffura W;vr eyes

’itikkura iT;\$r breasts

tibara Tbr legs