A verb is a necessary part of any sentence, except when making copular sentences.
The class of basic verbs is semi-closed. Basic verbs consist of one stem.
In order to extend or specify the meaning of many verbs, verbs can be compounded much as a noun can. Compound verbs are, however, much more common than compound nouns, to make up for the relative lack of basic verbs.
“to tell a story”
“to be happy”
“to be conscious”
The arguments of a verb are those nouns which accompany it in order to construct a sentence. The two main arguments are the subject and the object, and verbs can be categorised by which of these are obligatory.
Intransitive verbs only require a subject, not an object.
Badiri ru cura.
“The world is always changing.”
These verbs deal with motion of the subject.
These verbs describe an attribute of the subject. These become “to be X” when the auxiliary is continuous, and “to become X” when discrete.
Mihu ra’u giri. / Mihu qixa giri.
“She is pregnant.” / “She fell pregnant.”
These are attributive verbs specifically dealing with colour.
Verbs with Prepositional Objects
mala: to reflect
faxi: to survive
tihu: to abide
malu: to be in a place
na: to face
nu’ifi: to hide
hulla: to have sex
sisa: to be in contact
buma: to draw; to write; to project on screen
dasi: to place in the mouth; to eat; to chew; to suck; to lick; to drink
duci: to have; to own; to possess
funi: to lack
ga: to put
gi: to carry; to take; to bring; to have; to hold
kissa: to fight
maku: to throw
nidu: to use
xu: to put out; to radiate; to broadcast
Verbs of Transformation
’idu: to create; to make
pifa: to create ex nihilo; to make
pura: to change; to become
ju’i: link; join; wear
si’a: heal; fix
lakka: to break
qarri: to open
turu: to close; to fill
tara: to begin
tuni: to repeat
nu: to stop
Verbs Requiring Animate Objects
kuli: to meet; to become acquainted
ca: to help
hisu: to administer; to manage; to run; to rule
’ussa: to obey
saki: to share
kuffa: to give
tali: to take away from someone
’usa: to look; to see; to watch
hulu: to hear; to listen
cussi: feel; touch
ji’i: to taste; to smell
’i: to say; to speak; to tell
dissu: to feel
cikki: to hear telepathically; to see empathically
lu’i: to love
qacca: choose; decide
pa: to think
ma: to think with the soul
xi: to appear to be; to project
qi: to experience