The indefinite pro-forms are sets of deictic words which can be placed into a table.
|proximate||mari||-mari||majja / miru||marila||madusi||marika|
object noun: mari
object determiner: -mari
object noun: kasi
object determiner: -kasi
object noun: sama
object determiner: -diku
object noun: cu’i
object determiner: -cu
object noun: ’aba
object determiner: -’aba
object noun: ’umi
object determiner: -mi
manner / state: fana
Proximate forms have referents physically or psychologically near the speaker, whereas distal forms are used when the referent is far away. Interrogative forms are used in questions, and negative forms are used in negative sentences. Universal means “all” or “every”, and existential means “some” or “any”.
The existential markers are also used in complements.
Object nouns are pronouns. Unlike some personal pronouns, these are not marked for animacy, and are thus used to represent people, animals or things.
This latter example exploits the ability to swap dative and object for motive verbs.
Reduplicated indefinite pronouns with suffixed -ta
Object determiners act as determiners. In most cases, derivations from the object noun forms are obvious.
or as nouns.
The action terms are pro-verbs, which can be used to replace ordinary verbs in sentences.
Manner pro-forms are used to refer to the way in which an action is undertaken. They function as modal adverbs in active sentences, i.e.: sentences with overt or implied auxiliaries of activity.
State pro-forms are used as modal adverbs in stative sentences, i.e.: sentences with overt or implied auxiliaries of state.
They can also function as deteminers.