The indefinite pro-forms are sets of deictic words which can be placed into a table.
Proximate forms have referents physically or psychologically near the speaker, whereas distal forms are used when the referent is far away. Interrogative forms are used in questions, and negative forms are used in negative sentences. Universal means “all” or “every”, and existential means “some” or “any”.
Unlike some personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns are not marked for animacy.
The pronouns in the object column are used for people and things.
The place column pronouns are used for locations in both space and time.
The ‘object’ indefinite pronouns can modify a noun when used as a suffix. When cu’i nothing is used as a suffix, it loses its last syllable. When ’umi something is used as a suffix, it loses its first syllable.
The existential markers are used in complements.
“I learned what her name is.”
The dative marker is not applied to distal pronouns.
Reduplicated indefinite pronouns with suffixed -ta and are used for emphasis.
The action terms are pro-verbs, which can be used to replace ordinary verbs in sentences.
“What did you do?”
The manner column is used to refer to the way in which an action is undertaken, and the state column refers to the condition of a thing. These are used as modal adverbs.
An item possessed by the third-person subject of a matrix clause need not appear with a genitive marker, whether the possession is alienable or inalienable.
Father see daughter.
“Dad saw his daughter.”
If a genitive marker does appear, it takes the form su’a own.
Father saw daughter-own.
“Dad spoke to his daughter.”
The usual genitive markers refer to possession by some other party, not the subject.
“Dad asked his daughter to eat her chips.”
“Dad asked my daughter to eat his chips.”
None of the above applies for first- and second-person subjects; these use their normal genitive markers.