Adverbs are a closed class. Adverbs can be used either as a verbal suffix or independently to describe the entire utterance. See Also: Adverbial Phrases

naru slowly

dura repeatedly

kupira intensely


A subclass of adverb are the modals, words used to denote properties of sentences, such as their reality, probability or the speaker’s emotions towards the topic. These may only be used independently.

matta again

tasi probably

nufira hopefully

Temporal Modals

Some modals dealing with time are zero-derived from abstract nouns.

musa today

laru this year

tariti at noon

Numbers can be suffixed to denote other times.

musa-hha yesterday (day 0)

musa-ra tomorrow (day 2)

laru-mullu two years ago (year 1)